CHAPTER 1:  Practice Multiple Choice Questions

These questions are examples only and do NOT cover all aspects of the chapter.

Answers in Bold


1.  A parent who offers a child a favorite snack as a reward for good behavior is displaying a food behavior known as

a.   social interaction.

b.  reverse psychology.

c.  positive association.

d.  habitual reinforcement.


2.  A person who eats a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast every day would be displaying a food choice most likely based on

      a.  habit.

      b.  availability.

      c.  body image.

      d. environmental concerns.


3.  Nonnutrient substances found in plant foods that show biological activity in the body are commonly known as

      a. folionutrients.

      b. inorganic fibers.

      c. phytochemicals.

      d.  phyllochemicals.


4.  All of the following are classified as macronutrients except

      a.    fat.

b.   protein.

c.   calcium.

d.   carbohydrate.


5.  Which of the following is not one of the six classes of nutrients?

      a.  Fiber

      b.  Protein

      c.  Minerals

      d.  Vitamins


6.   Which of the following is an organic compound?

      a.  Salt

      b.  Water

      c.  Calcium

      d.  Vitamin C


7.  Which of the following is characteristic of an essential nutrient?

      a.  Cannot be found in food

      b.  Cannot be degraded by the body

      c.  Cannot be made in sufficient quantities by the body

      d.  Cannot be used to synthesize other compounds in the body


8.  Which of the following most accurately describes the term organic?

      a.  Products sold at health food stores

      b.  Products grown without use of pesticides

      c.  Foods having superior nutrient qualities

      d.  Substances with carbon-carbon or carbon-hydrogen bonds


9.  Which of the following nutrient sources yields more than 4 kcalories per gram?

      a.  Plant fats (any fat yields more energy than any protein or carb per gram)

      b.  Plant proteins

      c.  Animal proteins

      d.  Plant carbohydrates


10.  A weight reduction regimen calls for a daily intake of 1400 kcal which includes 30 g of fat.

Approximately what percentage of the total energy is contributed by fat?  (a liitle harder, but try it)

      a.  8.5

      b.  15

      c.  19 (need a calculator to calculate)

      d.  25.5


11.  What is the kcalorie value of a meal supplying 110 g of carbohydrates, 25 g of protein, 20 g of fat, and 5 g of alcohol?

      a.  160

      b.  345

      c.  560

      d.  755


12.  Which of the following is not a characteristic of the vitamins?

      a.  Essential

      b.  Inorganic

      c.  Destructible

      d.  Non-caloric


13.  Which of the following is/are not fat-soluble?

      a.  Vitamin A

      b.  Vitamin K

      c.  Vitamin D

      d.  B vitamins


14.  In nutrition research, observations of the quantities and types of foods eaten by groups of people and the health status of those groups are known as

      a.  case-control studies.

      b.  epidemiological studies.

      c.  human intervention trials.

      d.  correlation-control studies.


15.  What is the benefit of using controls in an experiment?

      a.  The size of the groups can be very large

      b.  The subjects do not know anything about the experiment

      c.  The subjects who are treated are balanced against the placebos

      d.  The subjects are similar in all respects except for the treatment being tested


16.  What is the meaning of a double-blind experiment?

  a.  Both subject groups take turns getting each treatment.

  b.  Neither subjects nor researchers know which subjects are in the control or experimental group.

  c.  Neither group of subjects knows whether they are in the control or experimental group, but the researchers do know.

  d.Both subject groups know whether they are in the control or experimental group, but the researchers do not know.


17.  What is the benefit of using a large sample size in an experiment?

      a.  Chance variation is ruled out (is much less likely)

      b.  There will be no placebo effect

      c.  The experiment will be double-blind

      d.  The control group will be similar to the experimental group


18.  The amount of a nutrient that meets the needs of about 98% of a population is termed the

      a.  Adequate Intake.

      b.   Daily Recommended Value.

      c.   Tolerable Upper Intake Level.

      d.   Recommended Dietary Allowance.


19.  How are the RDA for almost all vitamin and mineral intakes set?

            a.         Low, to reduce the risk of toxicity

            b.         High, to cover virtually all healthy individuals

            c.         Extremely high, to cover every single person

            d.         At the mean, to cover most healthy individuals


20.  A person with a nutritional intake that meets their daily needs, but is not at high enough level to keep their nutrient stores full would be classified as

      a.  malnourished

      b. have a borderline nutrition

      c.  over-nourished

      d.  having an adequate diet


21.  A primary deficiency of a nutrient occurs when a person

      a.  does not ingest enough of the nutrient

      b.  does not properly absorb a nutrient

      c.  takes too many vitamins

      d.  has obvious signs of a deficiency